Soon, Britons will be facing a massive choice affecting
their nation and the European Union forever. By the end of June 2016, David Cameron promised a referendum will be given to Britons with a simple choice: to stay or leave the European Union.
Will Britain abandon the European 12-golden star flag?Europhobe? Europhile? Eurosceptic?What does it really mean? What do they propose?
During his Bloomberg speech in 2013, David Cameron
announced he wanted to renegotiate the status of UK’s membership within the EU. He asked for more power to be given to national parliaments, more competitiveness and tighter immigration rules. As a response, Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the European Commission promised he will “seek a fair deal for Britain”. David Cameron warned he was ready to lead the Out campaign if these reforms were rejected. Britain’s refusal to be part of the Eurozone and the Schengen area results in a differential, unique treatment: “We already are members of a very different club from France and Germany. There are other members in this club like Poland or Sweden that don’t want the euro but want free trade. It would be no bad thing to lead that group and formalise what is already a semi-divorce”, London’s Mayor Boris Johnson said in one of his recent articles in the Daily Telegraph. David Cameron and Boris Johnson are claiming more independence. They want British Courts and British laws to be liberated from Brussels’ “excessive” interference, says the Prime Minister. Cut red tape.Free British Industry. “We want to stay in, but not at any price” says the Mayor.
So, what is Europhobia? Who is Europhobe and why?
“Leave.EU”, UKIP’s campaign, sees the EU as Britain’s burden. They think Britons must be freed from EU laws, leave the European single market so they can make their own trade deals with other foreign states. They claim leaving the EU will enable Britain to have a better control of its borders and establish efficient security measures. When I asked Kristian Gustafson, Director of MA Intelligence at Brunel University, whether he thought British and European intelligence services should collaborate more closely, he replied “No”, decisively. “The security consciousness of the EU is particularly low. There are no benefits for Britain to integrate more closely into that structure. If it does, it will lose the possibility to maintain its own borders”.
“According to Europhiles, Britain is safer and has a stronger leadership inside the EU.“I don’t believe that the benefits of leaving are genuine. I think Britain will be weakened if it leaves the EU. The City of London will have to endeavour to be more attractive, and compensate for British Exit. Many of the advantages to be in the inside, as an active member of the single market will disappear. Britain also has a bigger global influence inside the EU”,agrees Matthew Seligmann, Professor in Politics and History at Brunel University.
Should Britain stay or should Britain go?
How will Britons face this dilemma?
“David Cameron’s reforms must be agreed by the European Commission. Constant evolution is Europe’s strength. It has to be closer to its member states and act in their best interests. It is time to reform the European economic and federal systems. The EU needs to change for the best.